Poland will rebuild the palace where the German Enigma codes were first deciphered
Poland intends to rebuild the historic Warsaw Palace, known to be the place where German Enigma machine codes were first deciphered in 1932, and which was later destroyed by the Nazis in 1944.
One of the only sections of the palace that remains intact is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a monument dedicated to the unidentified soldiers who gave their lives for Poland.
Before the war however, between 1930 and 1937, the palace was used by the encryption office of the Polish armed forces, according to AP News. It was around this time that three mathematicians, Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Rozycki and Henryk Zygalski, deciphered the German encoding machine Enigma.
Polish mathematicians created a copy of the German Enigma machine, known as “Polish Enigma”, and it was with this that they managed to read about 75% of all German radio transitions in 1938, according to the Polish news site The First News (TFN).
In the summer of 1939, at a meeting of French and British cryptologists near Warsaw, Polish mathematicians revealed what they were working on and handed over two of their replica Enigma machines, one to the British and one to the French.
Plans for the reconstruction of the Saski Palace have always been in the background since 1945, although the reconstruction of Warsaw began with an emphasis on housing.
In recent years, however, the foundations of the palace, along with other elements, have been uncovered. Although this was supposed to lead to the reconstruction of the national monument, the plans were put on hold in the early 2000s after experts said the old foundations were too weak to build, reports AP News.
However, in a ceremony last Wednesday, President Andrzej Duda handed the Speaker of Parliament a law drafted by his office for the reconstruction of the 17th-century building for processing.
“Warsaw was being rebuilt for many, many years after the war, in times of poverty, very poor living conditions, at the cost of hard work, sweat and blood of workers, the capital was rising from its ruins, “Duda said in his speech.
Once the Polish government approves the plans and work can begin, the palace is expected to be completed by 2028 and will house cultural and historical projects.